What causes Brown Patches on skin?

What causes Brown Patches on skin?

Brown patches on the skin, which can be attributed to factors like sun exposure, ageing, and other skin-related issues, can be effectively addressed and prevented through measures such as sun protection, gentle skincare practices, and the use of suitable products such as Brightening Hero, a renowned skincare solution known for its potential to reduce hyperpigmentation and promote an even skin tone.

Brown patches on the skin can be a common concern for adults.

These patches, also known as hyperpigmentation, can affect one's self-confidence and prompt a search for effective solutions.

In this article, we will explore the causes of brown patches on the skin, discuss factors such as sun exposure, ageing, hormonal changes, and other skin-related issues, and provide practical tips for prevention.

Causes of Brown Patches on skin

Sun Exposure

Excessive sun exposure is a primary cause of brown patches.

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation triggers an overproduction of melanin in the skin, leading to the formation of sunspots and uneven pigmentation.

The cumulative effects of sun exposure over time can contribute to the appearance of brown patches, especially on sun-exposed areas like the face, hands, and arms.


As we age, our skin undergoes natural changes. With time, the skin's ability to repair and regenerate diminishes, leading to a higher likelihood of developing brown patches.

Additionally, age spots, also known as solar lentigines, can arise due to years of sun exposure.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal changes can influence the development of brown patches, particularly in women.

Melasma, a common form of hyperpigmentation, often occurs during pregnancy or as a result of hormonal therapies.

Fluctuations in oestrogen and progesterone levels can stimulate the production of melanin, leading to the appearance of brown patches.

Other Skin-Related Issues

Certain skin conditions or treatments can contribute to the formation of brown patches.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation may occur after acne breakouts, skin injuries, or aggressive skin treatments. Inflammation triggers melanocytes to produce excess melanin, resulting in persistent brown patches.


Tips for Brown Patches on Skin

Sun Protection

To prevent and minimise brown patches, it is crucial to protect your skin from the sun's harmful UV rays. Consider the following measures:

  • Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or higher on all exposed areas.
  • Wear protective clothing, such as wide-brimmed hats, long sleeves, and sunglasses, to shield your skin from direct sunlight.
  • Seek shade during peak sun hours, typically between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.

Hormonal Considerations

If you are experiencing hormonal changes that contribute to brown patches, consult a healthcare professional for guidance.

They can help manage hormonal imbalances or adjust medications to minimise the effects on your skin.

Gentle Skincare Practices

Adopt a skincare routine that promotes an even skin tone and reduces the risk of hyperpigmentation:

  • Cleanse your skin gently using mild, non-irritating products.
  • Incorporate topical treatments that feature potent ingredients like vitamin C, tranexamic acid, alpha arbutin, and niacinamide, which are recognised for their remarkable potential in reducing pigmentation.

Professional Help

If you have persistent or concerning brown patches, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist.

They can accurately diagnose the cause and recommend appropriate treatments, such as prescription creams, chemical peels, or laser therapy, based on your specific needs.

Final thoughts

Brown patches on the skin can be a source of concern for many adults. Understanding the causes behind these patches is essential for effective prevention and management.

By prioritising sun protection, adopting gentle skincare practices, considering hormonal factors, and seeking professional help when needed, individuals can take proactive steps towards maintaining a more even and youthful complexion.

Additionally, incorporating suitable products like Brightening Hero, known for its potential to reduce hyperpigmentation, can further enhance efforts to achieve healthier and brighter skin.

Remember, taking care of your skin is a lifelong journey, and with the right knowledge and actions, you can minimise the appearance of brown patches and enjoy a more confident and radiant appearance.