Rosacea: Symptoms, causes, triggers & treatment

Rosacea: Symptoms, causes, triggers & treatment

Explore the intricacies of rosacea, from its telltale symptoms to common triggers. Dive deep into effective skincare routines, the importance of ingredient awareness, and the undeniable role of sun protection.

What are the symptoms of rosacea?

Rosacea is more than just a rosy cheek. Symptoms can range from mild rosacea redness to inflammatory rosacea with swelling and acne-like breakouts.

Common signs include:

  • Red patches on the face
  • Visible blood vessels
  • Sensitivity and dryness
  • Rosacea spots or pimples
  • Eye problems like dryness and irritation

Rosacea triggers

The most common culprits are usually the same when it comes to causing flare-ups, even though it can be hard to pinpoint exactly what caused them.

Understanding and avoiding your personal triggers is key. Common triggers include:

  • Sun exposure
  • Stress
  • Hot drinks
  • Alcohol
  • Irritating ingredients in skincare
  • Vasodilating drugs and medicines with corticosteroid
  • Weather extremes
  • Hot showers

First, repair the skin barrier

A compromised skin barrier can exacerbate rosacea redness treatment. Strengthening it is paramount.

If you use active ingredients, keep them away from the areas where you have rosacea.

Look for products with ceramides, peptides, niacinamide, and hydrating agents to help relieve rosacea.

And remember, always patch-test new products to ensure they don't irritate your skin.

Best skincare for rosacea

Less is often more, a simpler routine is better for the health of your skin.

Overloading the skin with products can sometimes do more harm than good.

Focus on gentle cleansers

Steer clear of drying cleansers, harsh scrubs and rigid-bristle cleaning brushes that can exacerbate inflammation in rosacea-prone skin.

Embrace BHA exfoliants

Incorporate a skin-soothing BHA exfoliant into your routine, either once or twice daily.

BHA not only exfoliates but also combats redness, dryness, spots, and blackheads.

Prioritise sun protection

During daylight hours, arm your skin with an SPF of 30 or higher. Mineral sunscreens are gentle yet potent, making them ideal for skin susceptible to rosacea.

Night-time Care

Merge azelaic acid, brightening vitamin C, tranexamic acid and niacinamide in your night lotion to facilitate skin barrier repair.

Why is it important to check the ingredients?

When it comes to skincare, especially for conditions like rosacea skin, not all products are created equal. Some ingredients can soothe and calm, while others might trigger flare-ups.

Here's a list of ingredients you might want to avoid:

  • Glycolic or lactic acid

Commonly found in serums and toners might be too harsh for rosacea-prone skin.

  • Hydroquinone

While hydroquinone is celebrated for treating dark spots, it's not suitable for rosacea-prone skin. Its potent nature can intensify inflammation and cause burning in sensitive skin. For those with rosacea, gentler alternatives like the Brightening Hero gel, enriched with tranexamic acid, are a safer choice.

  • Menthol, eucalyptus oil, and peppermint
A cooling agent in many products, especially cleansers. However, its refreshing sensation might come at the cost of irritating rosacea flare-ups.
  • Fragrances
While they make products smell delightful, added fragrances can be a nemesis for sensitive skin. Always opt for fragrance-free versions when possible.
  • Alcohol
Present in a range of products from toners to creams and cleansers, alcohol can strip the skin of its natural oils, leading to irritation. It's wise to check product labels and choose alcohol-free alternatives.
Always read the label, and when in doubt, patch-test.

The takeaway

Rosacea might be a challenge, but with the right knowledge and tools, it's manageable.

Remember to keep your skincare routine simple, avoid known triggers, and always protect your skin from the sun.