Hyperpigmentation: How to get rid of dark spots and brown patches

Hyperpigmentation: How to get rid of dark spots and brown patches

The mirror doesn't lie, but sometimes it doesn't tell the whole story either.
Behind those dark spots and uneven patches is a skin waiting to shine, to be rediscovered. If you've ever felt the weight of those shadows on your face, this guide is your beacon. Let's illuminate the path to your skin's true essence and unveil its untouched radiance.

Understanding hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation can affect your entire body and manifest as darkened patches on the skin, a result of excessive melanin production. But did you know there are different types?
The three primary types are sunspots, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and melasma.
While the first two are self-explanatory, melasma is often linked to hormonal changes and appears as brown or greyish patches, especially on the face.

Causes behind those stubborn spots

Sun Exposure and its Effects
Sun exposure is the primary cause of hyperpigmentation, as sunlight initiates melanin production. Melanin acts as the skin’s natural sunscreen, shielding it from harmful UV rays, which explains why people tan.

However, when dark marks are already present, additional sun exposure can intensify the appearance of age spots, melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Variation across skin tones

Hyperpigmentation can affect any skin tone, but differently. Lighter skin tones are more prone to freckles and sun spots, while darker skin may appear shadowed or uneven.

Hyperpigmentation and ageing

As the skin ages, there's a decline in melanin-producing cells, melanocytes. The existing cells enlarge, and their distribution becomes denser, leading to an increase in dark spots, especially in those over 40.

Skin trauma, inflammation and hyperpigmentation

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation emerges after skin injuries and inflammation. This includes cuts, burns, chemical exposures, acne, atopic dermatitis, and psoriasis. After healing, the skin often displays brown spots.

Hormonal Influences on Hyperpigmentation

Hormonal imbalances, especially in women, can cause specific hyperpigmentation types like melasma or chloasma.

The female hormones oestrogen and progesterone can stimulate excessive melanin production when exposed to sunlight.

Moreover, certain hormone treatments might result in hyperpigmentation. For example, melasma is frequently seen during pregnancy due to hormonal shifts.

But here's a story that might surprise you: Sarah, a 28-year-old, noticed dark patches on her cheeks and forehead. She wasn't pregnant and had no skin injuries. After a dermatologist visit, she discovered her birth control was the culprit behind her melasma.

Solutions to combat dark spots

Key ingredients that fade hyperpigmentation

  • Tranexamic Acid: Found in Brightening Hero day and night discoloration repair gel, this ingredient is known for its effectiveness against melasma and other forms of hyperpigmentation.
  • Niacinamide: A potent vitamin that helps reduce inflammation and can aid in reducing the appearance of dark spots.
  • Alpha Arbutin: Targets melanin production, effectively reducing the appearance of dark spots.
  • Vitamin C: A popular antioxidant that not only brightens the skin but also reduces the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
  • Retinoids: These vitamin A derivatives speed up cell turnover, helping to remove dark cells from the skin's surface.

Sunscreen protection

Sun exposure can exacerbate hyperpigmentation, making sunscreen a crucial part of any skincare routine. Using broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 can prevent dark spots from becoming darker and protect the skin from harmful UV rays.

Commitment to a skincare routine

Consistency is key. Establishing and sticking to a skincare routine that targets hyperpigmentation will yield better results over time. This includes cleansing, exfoliating, treating with targeted serums, moisturising, and, most importantly, applying sunscreen daily.

Using Brightening Hero gel for best results:

  • Cleanse: Start with a clean face. Use a gentle cleanser to remove dirt and impurities.
  • Apply: Take a pea-sized amount of the Brightening Hero Gel on your fingertips.
  • Massage: Gently massage the gel into areas with dark spots or apply it all over the face for an even skin tone.
  • Frequency: For best results, use the gel twice daily, once in the morning and once at night.
  • Follow-up: After applying the gel in the morning, always follow up with a broad-spectrum sunscreen to protect the skin from UV rays. At night, you can follow up with your regular moisturiser.

The takeaways: Your path to radiant skin

With the right knowledge and products, the journey from dark spots to radiant, even-toned skin is achievable. Remember, consistency is key.

And while the journey might seem long, the results are worth the wait.